Intergenerational Educational Mobility within Chile

Abstract

I estimate intergenerational mobility (IGM) in education at a disaggregated geographic level for the cohort born in the nineties using full-count census microdata of Chile. I document wide variation across the more than three hundred communes in several measures of IGM. Relative mobility measured as one minus the regression coefficient of children’s years of schooling on parents’ years of schooling ranges between 0.54 and 0.97 while absolute mobility estimated as the intercept of the same regression ranges between 7.16 and 11.73. Relative mobility is positively correlated to the number of doctors, and negatively correlated to the ratio of students per teacher, and to labor earnings inequality, especially in the upper half of the income distribution. Using a LASSO, I find that the share of students in public schools and municipal budget are the strongest predictors of IGM. In addition, I also document within country variability in how parental education affects other child’s outcomes such as attending tertiary education and being mother as a teenager in the case of females.

Publication
Presentations: CUNY Graduate Center 2020, and WEAI 2021 (scheduled)
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Ercio A. Munoz
Ph.D. Candidate, CUNY

My research interests include applied econometrics, political economy, and socioeconomic inequality.